In the middle of Patagonian Andes, in the south of Chile, in the centre of the Ecoregions are big units of earth or water that contains a group of habitats and communities that characterized them geographically. In addition, they share most of their species and environmental conditions.
The Valdivian Ecoregion houses one of the seven temperate moist forests that are left in the planet and the second largest in the world. It has been stood out like one of the 25 ecoregions most valuable and threatened of the world. In Chile, embraces from the VII Maule Region (35º south latitude) up to the XI Aysén Region (48º south latitude), in addition to the east slope of the Argentinian Andes. It has a total surface nearing the 34.500.000 hectares.
The natural isolation of the Valdivian Ecoregion during thousands of years, produced unique animals and plants species in the world, which present singular characteristics, and thats why it houses the most extraordinary and representative biodiversity of the world (Dinerstein et 1995, 2001).
Its biological importance sets in its high endemisms leves, habitat varieties and unique plants formations. Its considered, throughout the world, as the hot spot in terms of biodiverdity subjects (Myers et al., 2000).true click Valdivian Ecoregion, 40º south latitude, Los Ríos Region (XIV), Panguipulli location, is situated “Huilo Huilo”, World’s Southern Biological Reserve, a protected private area that in its 100.000 hecatares of Native Forest, sustents a diversity of species of great natural value.
Being part of the
Huilo Huilo Reserve is part of a declared area by Unesco in 2007, as a Biosphere Reserve, considered globally as a priority area for conservation, because the Temperate Moist Forest that lies in here, characterizes for presenting one of the major animal and plants species biodiversities and endemisms of of the world.
Three international organizations – World Wildlife Foundation (WWF), The World Bank and The World Resources Institute, have qualified the Southern Chilean Temperate Moist Forest, as one of the 200 world’s ecoregions that must be guarded for its unique contribution to world biodiversity. In the year 2007, Unesco declared an area of more than 2.000.000 hectares as the “Austral Andes Temperate Moist Forest” and also as Biosphere Reserve, in which Huilo Huilo Biological Reserve is situated.
Consequently, this new Biosphere Reserve considers the protection of emblematic species like the pudú and the woodpecker. It also considers the most primitive marsupial of the world, the Monito del Monte, which is found on conservation state on peril of extinction, as so is the Huemul. All these species are present in Huilo Huilo Biological Reserve, which confirms the importance of preserving this wonderful place that houses unique species. Species that are only found in this place.
declared by Unesco in the year 2007, it is one of the 25 ecoregions most valuable and threatened of the world, considered a priority area for the conservation worldwide, according to international organisms.
Our Reserve is located in the middle of the Temperate Moist Forest in the austral extreme of America. Which in Chile it is known for presenting a great biodiversity with a high grade of endemism, with world unique flora and fauna species. It has a number of water fountains from natural waters like watersheds that are born in a millenarian glacier, waterfalls, rivers and estuaries that run through the mountains of the Native Forest. Its 250 km of roads immersed in millenarian woods, invite to discover the magic of this unique ecosystem.
The name of our Reserve has its origin in the Salto de Huilo-Huilo, an imposing natural cascade of crystal water that slides throughout a volcanic furrow and crashes from about 30 metres into the backwater of Fuy River.
Huilo Huilo is a new concept of sustainable conservation that its based in three essential pilars:
- The valuation and conservation of the natural patrimony throughout the research and emblematic projects like the Conservation Centre of the Huemul.
- The community integration, throughout the generation of job opportunities, capacitation in different disciplines, including education programs at local schools favouring a reconversion of people that lives there, and valuating the natives culture.
- The tourism of special interests, like new economic activity in the area, that doubtless makes a difference, and will able a projection towards the future.